One of the newest ways nonprofits gather prospects is through crowdsource funding. Do some of your own research beyond what is discussed in the book, discuss your understanding of the crowd funding process, and give your opinion on the ethical implications for gaining donors through this method. Also, discuss how this might affect raising grant funds for your selected program – what methods would you like to use to gain donors overall?

Crowdfunding has become an innovative way to source venture capital for businesses and to raise funds to support nonprofit programs. In order to be successful, the goal of the fundraising project must be clearly defined as well as the goals of the investors (Mollick, 2014). Once these goals are clear, the nonprofit must choose a platform through which to advertise the crowdfunding campaign. Coley and Scheinberg (2017) mentioned several sites including CauseVox, a site I have used to raise funds for Empire City Men’s Chorus. Once the campaign is set up on the platform, the link needs to be shared with stakeholders and friends of the organization. Mollick (2014) found that crowdfunding campaigns are more likely to be successful if the organizers have a deep personal network and the program being funded is of high quality.

Crowdfunding campaigns require constant diligence and work. For example, organizers need to remind members and staff to share the link with their friends. Additionally, the nonprofit’s Facebook and other social media accounts need to be posted to regularly to remind viewers to donate. These efforts usually pay off and result in a program being fully funded (Mollick, 2014).

Along with the freedom to raise money on the internet comes responsibility. There are two ethical implications of gaining donors through crowdfunding. First, it is important to make donors feel that their giving goals have been met. For example, if I give money to a nonprofit that rescues boxer dogs, I want to see that the organization has rescued more dogs, found them homes, or upgraded their facilities. The second ethical implication is the question of what to do if the organization does not raise enough money to implement the proposed program. Does it get returned to the donors or can it be used for other projects? Ethics dictate that the answer to this question must be given to donors before they make a commitment.

For my final project in this class, I will be writing a proposal to support Empire City Men’s Chorus’s 25th Anniversary Season. We have already added crowdfunding to our revenue budget for this fiscal year. We would like to see this reach the level of 10% of our budget at some point. With 40 members, our family and friends have provided much needed support for our programs. I expect crowdfunding to be a part of our fundraising mix on a permanent basis.


Coley, S. M., & Scheinberg, C. A. (2017). Proposal Writing: Effective Grantsmanship for Funding (5th ed.). Sage Publications.

Mollick, E. (2014). The dynamics of crowdfunding: An exploratory study. Journal of Business Venturing, 29(1), 1–16.











Where do you get your best writing done?

I admit it: this is a writing prompt that I pulled off of a web page.  It’s all good, though.  I think it’s great to write about random things.  I have been thinking that I need to write every day.  Even though I really write all day at work, management communication and technical writing are not very creative.  When I need to write well, I do always have to create a good “writing environment.”  I basically have different writing environments: home and library.

When I’m at home, I like to sit at my dining room table, facing the window that looks over my very busy neighborhood.  While I am writing, I can see the number 7 subway trains going back and forth, full of people.  If I have the windows open I can hear the automated train announcement: “This is a Manhattan-bound 7 local train.  The next stop is 69th Street.  Stand clear of the closing doors, please.”  Usually, I shut the windows and turn on the fan or air conditioner.  I write better when I am not distracted by the outside noise.

Sometimes, I like to go to my school’s campus at Rutgers University-Newark when I have to get some voluminous academic writing done.  I love the Dana library on Saturdays and Sundays.  Usually, if I go to the fourth floor, there is no one else around.  I get the entire floor to myself!  I like to sit at the big table that seats four people and spread all of my books, notebooks, and papers around.  I look like an old professor working on something very important.  This serves to intimidate any undergraduates that might walk in and want to sit there to talk.  This is a time that I usually turn my phone off.  I can get so much work done in this environment.

Having a writing environment is important.  I wonder what it is that makes us write better in certain settings?  Maybe we just feel more comfortable and need less time to warm up.  A few minutes ago, I decided that I really wanted to write a blog post.  It’s nearly 1 AM so there isn’t much reason to do so.  But now that I have done it, I am quite happy with myself.  Good night!

E-government Response Paper

Submitted to meet course requirements of “Introduction to Public Administration” at Rutgers School of Public Affairs and Administration

In this week’s abbreviated reading list, Holzer and Shwester (2016) laid out the different theories and styles of leadership, described the relationship between technology and administration, and discussed public service in popular culture. The supplemental article discussed the emergence and future of e-governance (Brown, 2005). Since I discussed my reaction to the leadership readings in the discussion forum for this course, I will use this space to discuss my reaction to the readings about technology and e-governance.

Technology has found its way into every facet of life for almost everyone in the West. Public administration seems to be the perfect candidate for implementation of information and communication technologies (ICTs) because public administrators seek efficiency. The advent of e-mail, word processing software, internet-based meeting software, webinars, and myriad other technologies allow administrators to do much more work in much less time than in years past. Every governmental agency in the United States has some form of computer database and interacts with the public through a website.

As Brown (2005) discussed, self-service is an “integral part of the citizen-centered model” (p. 248). I rely heavily on technology. As a New York City resident and an employee of a New York City based organization, I interact with government on a regular basis. Before the city implemented the 311 system (discussed by Holzer and Shwester in Chapter 12) I would routinely spend hours on the telephone being transferred to many different departments where no one wanted to help. Now I can call 311 where an agent will take my information, send me an e-mail with a confirmation number, and I would get an e-mail with a resolution. This is truly a great example of how e-government can be useful.

I would like to see a future where e-voting can become part of American democracy. However, it seems like we have a long way to go before people will trust such a system. Even the government has issues with security. How will public administrators and governments solve the problems related to security while trying to innovate technology? Since information and knowledge hold such great power, how will we prevent the exploitation of technology for criminal purposes? The answers to these questions seem difficult to attain.


Brown, D. (2005). Electronic government and public administration. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 71(2), 241–254.

Holzer, M., & Schwester, R. W. (2016). Public Administration: An Introduction (2nd Ed.). New York: Routledge.


Q 12/13-2. How could a public administrator reconcile their traditional role of neutral administrative competence with a leadership role?

In the modern workplace, administrators are expected to be competent. We should know the details of how to perform tasks properly and in compliance with applicable regulations. If we are in a position that allows discretionary decision-making, those decisions should be made ethically and without discriminating factors involved. Further, we should have the knowledge required to perform our jobs at the highest possible level. This role of “neutral administrator” is at the core of public administration. Laws and regulations are expected to be carried out in a fair manner. Adding leadership responsibilities does not alter this core tenet.

Given this expectation of competence, those of us who are in leadership roles should be expected to be competent leaders. This means that we should have appropriate knowledge of the different theories and styles of leadership style. Holzer and Schwester (2016) discussed trait theory, skills theory, style theory, situational leadership, and contingency theory, among others. A good leader is adept at blending these styles and theories as dictated by given circumstances. For example, during an office power outage, organizational leaders would use an authoritative style to give directions to staff regarding tasks that need to be completed to implement a contingency plan. However, they would also set an example by remaining calm and reassuring to staff that the situation is under control. The staff will likely remain calm as well and be ready to do what the leader asks. Leadership is never about the leader; it is always about the characteristics of the followers and how the leader adapts to each one.

An interesting aspect of leadership theory for administrators is the concept of expert power (Holzer, 2016). The distinction between elected officials and the bureaucracy is the expertise of the bureaucrats. As experts, bureaucrats should be viewed as respected community leaders who act with citizens’ best interest at heart.


Holzer, M., & Schwester, R. W. (2016). Public Administration: An Introduction (2nd Ed.). New York: Routledge.

Performance Measurement – Government Role

  • What role has the U.S. government played in promoting performance measurement in nonprofit organizations?

Many nonprofit organizations receive funding from the federal government. Since the increase in performance measurement by the government of their programs during the Clinton, Bush, and Obama administrations; there has been an increased need for nonprofits to measure performance. Federal programs are held accountable by the government. In turn, these programs that fund nonprofits must hold the nonprofits accountable for their performance if they are to continue to receive funding. This can have both positive and negative consequences for nonprofit organizations that depend on federal funding.

If both nonprofit and the government program funding it are performing well (within the standards set by the federal government), it is likely that both will receive continued or increased funding in support of the programs. This can be measured by comparing inputs to outputs (efficiency measurement) and program and outcome evaluations. For example, if a nonprofit is running a tenant rights program the nonprofit may measure how many tenants sign up for the program compared to the number of housing attorneys available to serve them (efficiency). They may also measure how many cases are brought against landlords who are illegally attempting to evict tenants that come to the nonprofit for help (outputs). Moreover, they might measure how many tenants in the program win the cases against their landlords (outcomes).

On the other hand, if the programs are not successful, the nonprofit may lose funding from the government program. This could happen if the programs are not meeting expectations or if poor performance measurement systems are in place. Further, if the federal government finds that many nonprofits receiving money from the same government program are not successful, they may cut funding to or end the government program. In that case, nonprofits would have to seek other funding sources to continue their related programs.

Happy Holiday to….ooo….ooo…ooo…ooo…YOU!

Happy Holiday to….ooo….ooo…ooo…ooo…YOU!

I have been seeing a lot of posts and memes on Facebook lately describing feelings of excitement for the upcoming Christmas season.  Most of the posts have indicated a desire to begin listening to Christmas music now.  My particular favorite meme had a picture of a wide-grinned woman wearing a lighted wreath around her face with the caption “Me at 12:01 AM on November 1.”  The memes inspired me to put on my Spotify Christmas playlist.  Right now, George Michael is singing “Last Christmas” in the background.  This song now has such irony since George Michael passed away on Christmas Day last year.  Music always plays a role in my life, but its importance is even greater at Christmastime.

Christmas officially began on Thanksgiving Day at the Goodwin house.  My dad would play all of the classic Christmas hits on the vinyl records that my parents have owned since the 1970s.  The first album was always the Andy Williams Christmas album that began with “Happy Holiday.”  Its big band opening was the perfect anthem to herald in the season.  Of course, just at the end of the song, the record would skip and we would have to smack the player.  We got used to singing it that way!  We would decorate our home with garland and stockings and put up our fake tree.  My mom would spend all day (and the night before) cooking and baking.  I don’t know how it all got done, but it was always perfect.

As we get older, many things change, including the way we celebrate the holidays.  After I moved out of my childhood home to live life on my own, and later with my husband, Christmas remained the glue that held my family together.  We began the tradition of having Christmas Eve at Aunt Carol’s house and Christmas Day at my parents’ home.  On Christmas Day, it was just the four of us: our original family unit of my mom and dad, my brother, and me.  No matter what was happening in our life we always came back to Christmas.  The music continued to play.

Then in 2010, my brother reached out to our half-sister, my father’s daughter.  After an ambivalent beginning, the five of us began to form a new family.  We all welcomed each other into our homes and began scheduling three Christmases!  My dad insisted that the family have Christmas dinner, even if it was the day after Christmas.  His vision of family is something I have always loved.  It was somewhere between “The Godfather” and “Roseanne.”

After my father suddenly passed away in 2013, one of the first things we all thought of was how much he loved the holidays.  What would we do without him?  How could we even think of doing it without him?  We were hurt.  We were lost.  We were heartbroken.  We realized how much we took our holidays with him for granted.

We managed to still get together that first Christmas without him.  Somehow we managed to put up his tree.  My brother even assembled the train set and Christmas village under the tree.  I was so happy to see that.  The lights on the tree and in the village had a new meaning for me.  It was like Daddy was living on in a new way.  I began to think of all of the little things he would say and do during Christmas and it made Christmas happy for me.  He loved repeating the lines from “It’s a Wonderful Life.”  We used to think he was such a dork, but I giggle every time I think about it now.

The years have gone on and I still have my many Christmas memories and continue making new memories as our family has so greatly expanded.  All of my cousins, aunts, uncles, and their families make the holiday a wonderful time.  The new version of Christmas makes me just as happy as the Christmases I knew as a boy.  It was my conscious choice to enjoy it.

We all have a choice to make–not just at Christmas, but every day–to be happy or to be sad.  We can control the thoughts we allow ourselves to have.  How will you be guided?  Will you listen to the holy spirit or the evil spirit?  They are both right there.  The evil spirit is constantly talking and the holy spirit is constantly listening.  One of my favorite verses from the Bible is Psalm 46:10, which says “Be still, and know that I am God.”  There are so many times that when things get crazy, we can just “be still.”  When the evil spirit is telling you, “Why bother?  The holidays are ruined!” you can just “be still and know.”  It’s amazing what happens when you push negativity out of your mind and allow His spirit in.

So go ahead, put on the Christmas music.  Find your DVDs of “A Christmas Story.”  Most importantly, plan to spend Christmas with your family this year.  It can be your biological family or your chosen family.  The people in your life love you.  They might just need you to call them. Who cares if it’s November 1st?


%d bloggers like this: